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persons were ready for infurre&tion, upon the public? Why the rumour in this country; if that proclama- of a famine. A mere juggle. There tion had been true, every man in never, never was any real foundathe present meeting ought to be. tion for the apprehenfion of a fasuspected, and alınost every person mine in this country, while the miwho was not there ought to be fu- nisters pretended there was. He spected, for that proclamation stated, himfelf travelled at that time 1400 in substance, that every man who miles over this country; and he was not a minister, or an advocate would undertake to declare, there for ministers, was ready for an insur- was no deficiency in the harveft any rection in this country. The mili- where in this country. But what tary power was called out; for what was the effect of this rumour of fapurpose? To quell an insurrection? mine? A prodigious high price in No. There was no insurrection, corn and all the other necesaries of It was to support ministers in their life. What was to become of the plan to ensave the people. Had honest labourer, and the industrious ministers really thought there was mechanic, and working manufacany difpofition to insurrection in turer ? They were induced to enthe people, why did they not call lift in large numbers into military out the military power sooner? All service to save themselves from the great armament of the country starving. What was the situation was raised against what ministers of the people of this country, call. called the internal enemies of this ing itself free, when men were comcountry; but by which they really pelled to undergo military slavery in meant the people of this country. order to procure bread? What was the Ministers saw that truth was about minister's view in bringing the pece to pervade the land. Truth was ple to this condition? To put them their enemy, and therefore they re under military command in order folved that truth should be sup- to terrify the remaining part of the pressed. We now saw too plainly the public, and to keep them from op. whole of the ministerial system. The posing the minister in his schemes. immense military preparations here There was another complaint now were not intended to protect us to be considered, for there was now against the attempts of an invading no money in the bank; this was also enemy, for ministers remained per- the fault of the minister, and by fectly neutral with regard to affairs which a great evil was to be appreon the continent for a great length hended, for public credit was almost of time; we now saw most clearly, entirely destroyed; the public crethat this armament was intended to ditor was to be defrauded, in carry on a certain system at home order that the foldier Mould be against the people of this country, paid with the money of that pubagainst every man in the present lic creditor ; and now we were meeting; and he, as one of it, would upon the point of being called uptake his mare of the inconvenience. on to fubmit to any This system of falsehood continued which the minister might think to be carried on under the idea of proper to dietate, however unjuft an alarm for the safety of our con it might be, or however insulting to ftitution, until that alarm was ex• humanity. hausted. What was the next de (Here he said the petition fhould seption which ministers played eff be read, which was done accord
ingly, and for which see the Public devise in the way of petitioning Papers.)
Last parliament they had introduced Such, he said, was the petition laws by which this right of the subwhich was offered to the meeting, ject was encumbered with vexawhich, if it met their approbation, tious difficulties Legal means was to be presented to his majesty. however, were yet left, by which They would perceive it was a fun- the people could assemblé to exa mary of the conduct of his majes. press their sentiments; and of these ty's minifters for the last four years. They had now availed themselves, By it they were reminded thai mi. Et ministers were not contented nisters had sown the seeds of dif- with the encroachments, they had trust in every family throughout already made upon the right of pethe kingdom.' They had set the fa. titioning, but endeavoured to defeat ther against the fon, and the fon the exercise of what yet was left. against the father, in order to extin- They had prevented the livery of guith our love of liberty, if that the city of London from presentwere poffible. If any man who ing that address which they had heard him doubted this, he would voted to his majesty. Even on the defire him to attend to the three present occasion they had pracfollowing sentences, as descriptive tifed every pitiful artifice which of the conduct of his majesty's their malice could devise to create present ministers : They have in- embarrassment, and had given dicreased the number of our poor- rection to some of their creatures to houses, which are not yet nume shut the hall in which the present Tous enough to contain our poor; meeting was meant to be held. Forthey have enlarged our jails; and tune at first seemed to favour the they have erected and established withes of ministers, and they hoped barracks all over this kingdom. that by the inclemency of the wea
The question, that the petition ther the meeting would be difconbe adopted by the company as their certed. The result, however; would petition to the king, was then put furnish additional proof of their and carried without so much as one steadiness and sincerity. They had
shown that they were not to be deIt was then moved, “ That the terred by considerations of personthanks of the meeting be given to al inconvenience from performing Mr. Fox for the firm and faithful their duty. The state of the weadischarge of his public duty, and ther in which they had assembled, particularly for opposing that fatal added to the glory of standing forfystem of measures, of which he ward upon an einergency fo critiprophetically foresaw the ruinous cal, and evinced a deliberate conconsequences.”
vi&tion of the danger in which the Mr. Fox said, that, before he re. country was placed, and the necefturned his heartfelt thanks for the fity of abandoning the system of honour now conferred upon him, meafures by which it had been oche begged leave to congratulate the cafioned. He was glad that his conmeting upon the numerous and duct had been thought worthy of respectable attendance which he ob their approbation. The conduct served on the present occasion. It which had gained this mark of theit had been the object of ministers to esteem, was a decided and uniform throw every obitacle they could oppottion to the present war, and
his hoftility to the mock negoti.:- which the minister might have detions by which the return of peace manded? And could it be said that was prevented. He congratulated any present would bave been fafe if the meeting, and the public, upon the attempts of the minister had not the result of the present day. The thus been checked in their comable explanation which had been mencement? The minifter, it had given by the worthy chairman of been feen, had declared that there the reasons of the present measure, was not money to pay the public rendered it unneceifary for him to creditor ; yet he thought that there go at length into the subjcct. With was money to send to the emperor the remarks he had to offer, he should of Germany. That it was the ineven in the present weather trespass tention of ministers to make farthei upon their indulgence for a few mi- advances to the emperor, appeared nutes. The minister had indeed from a paper laid before the houfe reduced the national debt 20 mil. of commons on Friday last. This lions, but he had added 150, he was a paper of the most extraordi. had repealed taxes to the amount of nary nature, and ought to be known 200,000l. but he had added six mil. to every man in the country. It lions and a half; yet, enormous as appeared that advances had been the burdens which he had imposed made to the emperor, and the fecuwere, it had been confessed that rity was worthy of remark. It was they were not sufficient to satisfy not that a fund was provided for the just claims of the national cre the payment, but it was said, when ditor; never was there a minister you lend me more, I will repay who pofleffed greater means, and what you have already advanced; who was less scrupulous in the it was the security of a man who means he employed, who had been borrows twenty pounds, and proso unsuccetsful in the ends which mises to pay the debt when the he pursued, and in the enterprises creditor thail lend him an hunwhich he attempted; he had not dred. The sentiments which he spared the money of the people; had exprefled from the hustings laft that they well knew; he had not election, he had found no reason to fpared their liberty ; that they had retract. He was more and more fufficiently experienced in a fifter convinced, that if the country at kingdom; he had not scrupled to large would display the fame spirit
, deprive a whole province of the be- manifested by the electors of Weftnefit of the conftitution, and to sub-minster, the affairs of the public ject them to niartial law. Here he would be in a better situation. He had not scrupled to attack the very hoped that the public would be vitals of public liberty, and by ill. animated by the glorious example founded charges of high treason, to which was now given them, and attack the lives of innocent men; catch a portion of that spirit by in this attempt, however, ministers which his conftituents were anihad been disappointed by the noble inated. In a fituation like the preand patriotic conduct of Englifh fent, they ought to examine into the juries ; aud the country, deciding as ftate of public affairs. If an india jury, had confirmed the verdict. vidural found that under the admiHad it not been for this steady and niftration of his steward, his reveindependent conduct, who could nues were inpaired, and his propretend to point out the facrifices perty dilapidated, would he not
(69) think it time to change his fervant, the mandates of his majesty's miniand to examine into his affairs ? iters than to the interests of the peoThey ought to examine into the ple. He hoped they would contiftate of their affairs therefore ; and nue to exert ihemselves; that they whoever were the ministers, they would remember what their forefaought not to resign themselves to thers had done; what Englishmen their adminiftration with implicit had achieved in defence of liberty, condence. They ought to pre- and that they would glory to distinfcribe the mode of conduct which guish themselves in the same career. was in future to be pursued. If they did not persevere, their liHe believed that it was not yet too berties would be crushed for ever, late to save the country: but if mi. and the nation ruined beyond reco. nifters were allowed to go on in the very. prefent fyftem, no exertion, no fpi The chairman informed the meet. rit could fave us from the ruin by ing that the petition was prepared wbich we were threatened.
for fignature, and he hoped that The duke of Bedford said, that none would go away before they he was perhaps called upon to fay confirmed their votes by their figa few words, in consequence of natures. being named to accompany those The chairman returned his thanks, who were to present the petition ; to the meeting for the approbation but he should not detain the meet- they had expressed of his conduct. ing long with what he had to ob. The whole of the business was serve. He hoped that they would conducted with the utmost decorum confirm by their signatures what and propriety. The meeting, which they had fanctioned by their votes. was very numerous, dispersed in It was the undoubted right of the the most orderly manner. subject to petition the throne. It was Having given an account of the the first and the best inheritance of sentiments of this meeting, we have freemen. They ought to approach to add that similar meetings were bis majefty with a language calm, held in the course of the spring yet temperate; respectful, but man- in the following counties and cities, ly ; loyal, but fuch as was fitting and fimilar resolutions and addresses freemea to employ. The advan- voted. To detail the speeches at tage of public meetings had been each would far exceed our bounds. experienced on many important
Surrey occasions. That they now met on
Kent the present occasion was a glorious
Hampfire proof of the advantage of the meet.
Cambridgeshire ing last year, and though they had
Gloucestershire not gained their full object, they
Bedfordshire had reason to be satisfied with what
Forfarshire they had thus been able to preserve
London of their rights. He hoped the ex
Westminster ample of the inhabitants of West
Southwark mintter would be followed by the
Edinburgh country at large. The late parlia
Dublin ment might juftly be called the
Glasgow king's parliament, for they had
Paisley hown themselves more attentive to
that, in pursuance of my orders, I Boston
proceeded with his majesty's fhips Steyning
Braaye and Sphinx under my comŞalilbury
mand to Foul Point in the island of Canterbury
Madagascar; and having landed the Rochester
marines and small-arms-men of the Evesham
squadron, and fummoned the French Middlesex
resident to surrender, I took poffefYorkshire
fion of the fort and factory in be. Northumberland, half of his Britannic majesty, and Norfolk, &c. &c.
remained there till I had completed
the demolition of the establishment, From the London Gazette. agreeable to my directions.
Admiralty-Office, April 4, 1797. The French had a confiderable Extract of a Letter from Rear-Ad- depôt of arms and ammunition,
miral Pringle, Commander in stores and merchandize for trading Chief of bis Majesty's Ships and with the natives, the destruction of Vessels at the Cape of Good which must greatly distress the eneHope, to Mr. Nepean, dated at my, as the island of Mauritius draws that Settlement on the 15th of its principal supplies of provisions January laft.
from this settlenient. On the 31st ult. his majesty's I have also the honour to transMips Jupiter and Sceptre returned mit you the capitulation of M. here from their cruise off the Mau- Raflelin, the resident, who I sent, ritius, having captured three small together with other prisoners in a vessels, two of which they destroy- cartel to the Isle of France; and res ed; the third, a brig, arrived the main with great respect, Sir, &c. 12th instant. . Captain Lofack left
J. W. SPRANGER. that ftation on the 25th of Novem Rear-Admiral Pringle, &c. ber, having previously detached the Crescent, Braave, and Sphinx, to Translation of a Letter from Monf. look into Foul Point and Auguftine Raffelin, Resident at Foul Point, Bay. On the 13th these last ships to Captain Spranger, containing returned to this place, baving cap. the Terms for the Surrender of tured five vessels, as per inclosed that Settlement, list, and also destroyed an establish SIR, ment of the enemy at Foul Point, Having been summoned by you upon the island of Madagascar; the to surrender this settlement, I am to articles of the capitulation of which acquaint you, that the superior I now enclose, together with cap. force you have brought against it tain Spranger's letter to me upon renders all resistance on my part the subject.
useless: I have therefore to delire, Inclofüres referred to in the fore- before I lower the French colours,
going Letter from Rear-Admiral that you will cause a few guns, unPringle, viz.
Motted, to be fired at the place, Crescent, Cape of Good Hope, which I will answer in the same Jan. 14, 1797
manner, and then the three-colourSIR,
ed flag shall be hauled down; I have the honour to inform you, I must repeat my desire that no shot